亚洲必赢626aaa.net懂你克罗地亚语L3,懂你葡萄牙语

亚洲必赢626aaa.net 22

亚洲必赢626aaa.net懂你克罗地亚语L3,懂你葡萄牙语

  Because of the fiction movie 2012 which describes a horrible scene
that the whole world was destroyed by earthquake, volcano and tsunami
<app:ds:tsunami>, the view of doomsday is making a great clamor.
Mayans predicted December 21, 2012 is the end of the world and the sun
of 22th will never rise again。

2017-04-02  常远托福

Unit 3-1 Listening

Unit 3-1 Listening 地球历史,污染

  Though it is now seems that this prediction is just a nonsense
without any scientific support, it did provoke people’s thinking about
environment . In awake of the prediction, we can’t help asking why this
horrible prediction happen? I think one answer may be related to the
environmental degradation . As we all can see and feel, the world’s
environment is going downhill with severely polluted rivers and airs.
More often we can’t see clearly the sun because of heavy air suspended
matter caused by pollution. If continues going this way, I think the
doomed day will come true — if not now, then one day。

微信公众号:changyuantoefl

There are many forms of lives on earth,including human beings. Life
exists ina

There are many forms of live on earth, including human beings. Life
exists in a variety of conditions. Some forms of life live in the watery
environment, like the oceans. Other forms of life can be found in very
dry areas like desserts. However, for any form of life to exist,
conditions must be right. When the conditions are not right, that form
of life will become extinct. To become extinct means to die out
completely.

  In consequences, for the sake of our own life, we should take
efforts to protect the environment and save this planet。(来源:文都教育
编辑:卢青)

亚洲必赢626aaa.net 1

variety ofconditions. Some forms of livelive
in
thewateryenvironment, like the oceans. Other forms of lives can
be found in very dryareas like desserts. However, for any form of live
to exist, conditions must beright. When the conditions aren’t right,
that form of lives can extinct. Tobecome extinct means to die out
completely.

Conditions must be right for life to exist. Millions of years ago there
were forms of life that no longer exist. When condition changed, these
forms of life died out. One extinction event happened about 250 million
years ago. This was the largest extinction event of all time. Many forms
of life become extinct. Ninety six percent of all life in the oceans
died out. Most insects also became extinct. This event happened over a
period of several million years.

Environment 环境问题

亚洲必赢626aaa.net ,Conditions must be right for life to exist.Millions of years ago, there
were forms of lives that no longer exist. Whencondition changed, this
form of life died out. One extinction event happenedabout 250 million
years ago. This is the largest extinction event of all time.Many forms
of lives become extinct. 96% of all lives in the oceans died out.Most
insects also became extinct. This event happened over a period of
severalmillion years. The causes of this extinction event are still
unknown. Possiblecauses include largestvolcanic

The causes of this extinction event are still unknown. Possible causes
include large volcanic eruptions and global warming. Some scientists
believe that there were several causes. They believe that a series of
events caused the extinctions. Scientists are working to better
understand what really happened.

▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼

eruptionsand global warming. Some scientists believe that there
wereseveral causes. They believe that a series of events caused the
extinctions.Scientists are working for better understand what really
happened.

In modern times we humans face changing conditions. For humans to live,
we need clean air and clean water. Pollution is now a growing problem
around the world. Pollution poisons the air and water that we depend on.
Polluted air makes people sick and afraid to get outside. Polluted water
poisons our food supply. As a result, we never know which foods are safe
to eat. Human beings cannot live in a poisoned environment. Therefore,
pollution is a major threat to our existence.

背景介绍:环境问题一直是托福独立口语的常见话题,一般可以想到的环保方式有少开车,多种树;汽车尾气的减少可直改善空气质量,但种树的好处是什么呢?
因为植物光合作用可以吸收二氧化碳,净化空气。另外,种树可以帮助减少能源的消耗,从而间接地帮助减少空气污染源,请看看下面的万能思路。

In modern times, we human beings facechanging conditions. For humans to
live, we need clean air and clean water.Pollution is now a growing
problem around the world. Pollutionpoisonsthe air and water that
wedepend on. Polluted air makes people sick and afraid to get outside.
Pollutedwater poisons our food supply. As a result, we never know which
foods are safeto eat. Human beings can be not live in a poisoned
environment. Therefore,pollution is a major threat to our existence.

Humans need temperature to be in a comfortable range. To be in a
comfortable range means to be neither too hot nor too cold. With global
warming, global temperatures are rising. As temperatures rise, the polar
icecaps will melt. As the polar icecaps melt, ocean levels will rise.
Areas of some countries will soon be under water. People will be forced
to relocate from flooded areas.

▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲

Humans need temperature to be in a

In nature, even small changes can sometimes have large effects. It’s
difficult to predict what’s going to happen. The entire ecosystem that
we depend on is changing. Some of these changes are irreversible.
Irreversible changes cannot be undone.

例题

comfortable range. To be in a comfortable range means to be neither too
hot nor

Let’s hope that humans are smart enough to understand how the world is
changing. With more understanding, we can make better choices about what
to do. We can face the challenges of pollution and global warming. We
need to do this before it’s too late. This planet Earth is our only home
and we need to protect it.

2014年01月25日北美口语真题

too cold. With global warming, global temperatures are rising. As global

Unit 3-1 vocabulary  动物

Task1What can we do to reduce air pollution? Give examples and details
in you answer.本题选自《常远口语真经2》

temperatures rise, the polar icecaps will melt. As the polar icecaps
melt,

Lizard 蜥蜴

题干

ocean levels will rise. Areas of some countries will soon be under
water.

Mammals are covered by hair or fur, have a backbone and warm-blooded.
All mammals female produce milk for the young.

你如何减少空气污染?

People would be forced to relocated from flooded areas.

Reptiles are covered by scales, includes snakes, lizards and turtles.
Reptiles have a backbone and are cold-blooded, which means they often
rely on the external resources of heat.

亚洲必赢626aaa.net 2

In nature, even small changes can sometimes

Birds are covered by feather and are warm blooded. Most birds can fly
and many types of bird migrate great distances.

亚洲必赢626aaa.net 3

have large effects. It’s difficult to predict what’s going to happen.
The

Most insects such ants and bees have a small 3 parts body with 3 pairs
of legs. Some insects, such as mosquitoes, spread diseases that cause
the deaths of many humans.

万能思路

entire ecosystem that we depend on is changing. Some of these changings
are

Unlike animals, plants get the energy that they need from the sun.
Plants convert light energy along with carbon and water into chemical
energy.

reduce air pollution减少环境污染

irreversible. Irreversible changes cannot be undone. Let’s hope the
humans are

Scales and rulers are used to measure weight and length. Units of weight
includes kilograms and pounds and units of length includes centimeters
and inches.

亚洲必赢626aaa.net 4

smart enough to understand how the world is changing. With more
understanding,

These instruments are used to observe very large and very small objects.
Telescopes are used by astronomers and microscopes are used by
biologists and doctors.

1.photosynthesis树木的光合作用

we make better choices about what to do. We can face the challenge of
the

These appliances are used in the kitchens of almost every home. Stoves
are used to heat food, and refrigerators are used to keep foods cool or
cold.

create sufficient oxygen制造氧气

pollutions and global warming. We need to do this before it’s too late.
This

Household tools like these are used to build and repair things. Hammers
are used to pound in nails and screw drivers are used to turn a screw.

remove harmful chemicals from soil 减少土壤中有害的化学物质

planet of earth is our only home and we need to protect it.

Mammals include some of the most intelligent animals on earth, such as
elephants and human beings.

absorb carbon dioxide →reduce the greenhouses吸收二氧化碳,减少温室气体

Unit 3-1 vocabulary

Mosquitoes cause the death of more human than any other animals.

∴reduce global warming 抑制全球变暖

Lizard 蜥蜴

Rulers are used to measure length

2.save energy减少能耗

Mammalsare covered by hair orfur,have a backbone and
warm-blooded. All mammals produce milk for the young.

We can use a telescope to see objects that are far way.

reduce carbon emissions →the greener environment减少碳排放,绿化环境

Reptilesare covered by s, includes
snakes,lizardsandturtles.Reptiles have a backbone and are
cold-blooded, which means they often rely onthe external resources of
heat.

Unit 3-1 dialogue    纪念日

cool your home in the summer亚洲必赢626aaa.net懂你克罗地亚语L3,懂你葡萄牙语。夏天给室内降温

Birds are covered by feather and are warm blooded. Most of the birds can
fly and many types

F: Do you know what date is it today?

act as windbreaks in winter→save energy from
heating冬天可以防风,减少供暖

of bird migrate great distances.

M: What do you mean, it’s the special day?

∴don’t need air conditioner不需要空调

Most insects such ants and bees have asmall 3 parts body with 3 pairs of
legs. Some insects, such asmosquitoes, spread diseases that causethe
deaths of many humans.

F: Oh, so you don’t remember.

亚洲必赢626aaa.net 5

Unlike animals, plants get the energy that

M: Remember what? What’s the special?

亚洲必赢626aaa.net 6

they need from the sun. Plants convert light energy along with carbon
and water

F: It’s our anniversary. We started dating a year ago today.

参考答案

into chemical energy.

M: Oh, really. Sorry.

亚洲必赢626aaa.net 7

Scales and rulers are used to measure weight and length. Units of
weight

M: Just a minute, what do you think this is.

Personally speaking,I will plant trees to reduce air pollution.

includes kilograms and pounds and units of length includes centimeters
and

F: Oh, it’s a necklace.

The first one is toplant trees as much as we want if we want to save
our planet. Trees not only create sufficient oxygen for us to breath and
remove harmful chemicals from the soil, but also absorb carbon dioxide
emission and thus help reduce the greenhouses leading to global warming.

inches.

M: Do you like it?

Secondly,trees can help save energy. And saving energy can reduce
carbon emissions. Since most energy sources require burning fossil
fuels, the less energy you use, the greener the environment you have.
For instance, if you plant trees in the right place around buildings,
trees can help cool your home in the summer. In the winter, trees can
act as windbreaks for your home and will help you save energy from
heating. Then, you don’t need air conditioners running 24 hours a day!

These instruments are used to observe very

F: Yes, I do. It’s lovely. Especially the red heart. May I put it on?

亚洲必赢626aaa.net 8

large and very small objects. Telescopes are used by astronomers and
microscopes are used by biologists and doctors.

M: No, let me do it.

亚洲必赢626aaa.net 9

These appliances are used in the kitchensof almost every
home.Stovesareused to heat food andrefrigeratorsare used to keep
foods cool or cold.

F: So you did remember.

更多理由

House tools like these, are used to buildor repair things.Hammersare
usedto pound in the nails andscrewdrivers are used to turn a screw.

M: Of course I remember. It’s very special for both of us.

亚洲必赢626aaa.net 10

Mammals include some of the most

F: I have something for you too.

Taking public transportation, driving less car少开车

intelligent animals on earth, such as elephants and human beings.

M: You do?

People should reduce the amount of time you spend in the car. Carpool or
use public transportation like subway whenever you can. For shorter
distances, walk or ride your bike to do errands. If most people avoid
driving one or two days a week for a year, the air pollution would be
greatly reduced. So we should raise people’s awareness of environment
issue by telling them if they travel through subway, car, or bikes, the
environment will become better and better.

Mosquitoes cause the death of more human

F: Yes, but you have to wait until later.

亚洲必赢626aaa.net 11

than any other animals.

M: Oh, I can’t wait. Tell me what is it.

亚洲必赢626aaa.net 12

Rulers are used to measure length

F: Can you guess what it is?

更多标准答案

We can use a telescope to see objects that

M: Could you give me a hint?

亚洲必赢626aaa.net 13

are far way.

F: We went there 3 months ago.

Personally speaking,Ithink the following should be done to reduce
air pollution.

Unit 3-1 dialogue

M: Oh, you mean Alfredo’s.

First, we should drive less and use public transportation like buses and
subways when we can. It’s such a waste or energy and space to drive when
there’re only one or two people in the car. Buses and subways on the
other hand can move dozens even hundreds of people way more efficiently
than cars.

Do you know what date is it today?

F: Yes, are you excited? You said you really liked the food there.

Second, I think we should plant more trees. Trees and other plants
produce oxygen we breathe. We don’t have enough of them since cities are
filled with concrete buildings these days. Trees also make our cities
more beautiful, so I think the more trees we plant, the better.

What do you mean, it’s the special day?

M: Yes, that’s true. I also remembered the dessert. Do you?

亚洲必赢626aaa.net 14

Oh, so you don’t remember.

F: Yes, but let’s not talk about that now. Let’s now view in the
surprise.

亚洲必赢626aaa.net 15

Remember what? What’s the special?

F: That restaurant looks nice.

历年托福考试与Environment相关的题目和答案

It’s our anniversary. We started dating a

M: Yes, but it looks expensive.

亚洲必赢626aaa.net 16

year ago today.

F: Let’s go in and look at the menu.

2012.02.18北美

Oh, really. Sorry.

M: Wow, the menu looks great, especially the fish.

Question 1.What is one of the major problems faced by the country you
live in? And what would you suggestion to cope with thisproblem. Please
include specific details in your
explanation.本题源自《常远新托福口语真经》

Just a minute, what do you think this is.

F: Yes, it looks good, but look at those prices.

题目:你所居住的国家面临的主要问题有哪些?请详细描述。

Oh, it’s a necklace.

M: Let’s try somewhere else.

思路:根据万能模版,我们可以选择空气污染问题、交通问题。

Do you like it?

F: Sometime it’s ok to spend a little money.

标准答案:

Yes, I do. It’s lovely. Especially the red

M: Yes, but this price is a bit too high. Don’t you think?

Personally speaking,the one of major problems faced by the country
is the air pollution. And there are many ways to solve this problem such
as encouraging public transportation, saving energy, and planting trees.
And let’s take a look at how planting trees can clear the air we
breathe.

heart. May I put it on?

F: Yes, they are a bit high. But don’t you think it worth? Let’s enjoy
ourselves.

The first reason is thattrees are the lungs of our earth. We should
plant trees as many as we can if we want to save our planet. Trees not
only create sufficient oxygen for us to breath and remove harmful
chemicals from the soil, but also absorb carbon dioxide emission and
thus help reduce the greenhouse gases leading to global warming.

No, let me do it.

M: Em, ok, if you put it that way. Let’s see if we can get a table.

Secondly,trees can help save energy. And saving energy can reduce
carbon emissions. Since most energy sources require burning fossil
fuels, the less energy you use, the greener the environment you have.
For instance, if you plant trees in the right place around buildings,
trees can help cool your home in the summer.

So you did remember.

F: I’m glad you have your credit card.

赠品:另一种答题思路

Of course I remember. It’s very special for

M: I sure hope the food is good.

Personally speaking,I think the major problems are air pollution and
transportation problems in my country.

both of us.

F: Stop worrying, let’s enjoy ourselves.

Firstly,air pollution is the most urgent problem because every one
living in this country can be affected. All human beings, animals and
trees have to breathe the dirty air. Air pollution are mainly caused by
transportation and factories. People are trying to reduce air pollution
by encouraging public transportation and planting more trees.

I have something for you too.

Unit 3-2 Listening  家政服务公司

Secondly,transportation problems are also serious because there are
too many private vehicles running on the roads. Streets are so crowded
that people are often caught in traffic jams. People are trying to solve
this problem by reducing the usage of private cars. Riding bicycles is
also a good way to ease the tension of too much traffic.

You do?

QuickServe is a home repair company. It provides quick, reliable repair
services to homes. QuickServe handles plumbing and electrical issues 24
hours a day. It also cleans the roofs, fixes internet connections and
replaces broken windows. For a small fee, customers subscribe to the
service. Its main customers are the elderly, which means older people.
Whenever customers have a problem, they can call for help. There is also
small charge for each service call.

2012.02.05北美

Yes, but you have to wait until later.

The company was established 5 years ago, and is growing rapidly. It
started in one city, but it’s now in 5 cities. The company plans to
expand to 10 cities within the next 24 months. In each city there is a
small central office in a low-rent area of the city. The central office
handles the business, advertising, payroll and billing. It also takes
calls from customers, either online or by telephone. It takes calls 24
hours a day, 7 days a week.

Task1.Come up with a proposal that would help your school achieve
environmental protection.

Oh, I can’t wait. Tell me what is it.

Sixty percent of the company’s employees work from their homes. When a
customer calls in to the central office, a service employee is
contacted. The service employee then contacts the customer and sets up
an employment. These service employees are highly trained and provide
excellent service. In emergencies, such as a serious plumbing problem,
service can be provided within an hour. One reason for this is that the
service employees live in different parts of the city. They are not
centrally located, so it’s quicker and easier for them to travel to a
customer’s home.

题目:为学校保护环境提出一项建议。

Can you guess what it is?

Quick serve has an excellent reputation. Its prices are reasonable and
its services are quick and efficient. The company’s service employees
are clean, polite and efficient. In this type of business, person to
person contact is the key to success. With each satisfied customer, more
customers subscribe. Satisfied customers recommend QuickServe to their
friends. This kind of word-of-mouth advertising is very cost effective.
Cost effective means that the results are good without paying a high
price. In other words, quality service provides its own rewards to the
company.

思路:考生要向环保小组提出一些环保措施,套用万能模版我们可以建议他们多种树。

Could you give me a h?

The company takes great pride in being honest with its customers. There
are no hidden charges for their services. As a result, the number of
customers in each city is growing rapidly. With the aging population,
there are more elderly people who need home repair services. These
people need to have confidence in the service provider. They don’t want
to be cheated. These people don’t mind paying a reasonable fee for high
quality service. High quality services should be rewarded.

标准答案:

We went there 3 months ago.

The company provides a range of service plans, each with a different
subscription price. The least expensive service plan is called the basic
plan. This plan provides non-emergency service with a very low service
charge. The most expensive service plan is their VIP plan. The VIP plan
provides emergency services 24 hours a day with no additional service
charge. It also provides rebates to customers who don’t call for any
service during the year. In addition, QuickServe gives bonus points to
customers for each year that they subscribe. These bonus points can be
used to buy new appliances such as stoves and refrigerators.

Personally speaking,I suggest our school plant trees to protect the
environment.

Oh, you mean Alfredo’s.

If the business continues to grow, the owners may decide to take the
company public. This means that the public can buy shares of the
company. It will then change from privately-owned company to a public
company. The owners believe that their business is successful and can
expand around world. They also believe that taking their company public
can make them rich.

The first reason is thattrees are the lungs of our earth. We should
plant more trees in our school if we want to make the environment
better.. Trees not only create sufficient oxygen for us to breathe and
remove harmful chemicals from the soil, but also absorb carbon dioxide
emission, thus helping reduce the greenhouse gases that lead to global
warming.

Yes, are you excited? You said you really

Unit 3-2 vocabulary 学科、事故

Secondly,trees can help save energy. And saving energy can reduce
carbon emissions. Since most energy sources require burning fossil
fuels, the less energy you use, the greener the environment you have.
For instance, if you plant trees in around our school buildings, trees
can help cool the classrooms in the summer. In the winter, trees can act
as windbreaks for students and will help our school save energy from
heating. Then, we don’t need air conditioners running 24 hours a day!

like the food there.

Biology is study of life, including its structure and evolution. Biology
study how life survives and reproduces.

2011.11.26北美

Yes, that’s true. I also remembered the

Chemistry is the study of matter, including the structure of its atoms
and molecules. Chemists study how various substances interact with each
other.

Task 1: Talk about a beneficial change that can improve your
country.

dessert. Do you?

Astronomy is one of the oldest sciences. Astronomers study the structure
and evolution of the universe, including the study of stars, planets and
galaxies.

题目:请谈谈一个什么样的改变能让你的国家变得更好。

Yes, but let’s not talk about that now.

Geologies is the study of structure of history of the earth and other
planets. Geologist study different types of rocks, earthquakes and
different layers of the earth.

思路:套用万能模版,我们可以说种树能带来很多环境上的改变。

let’s now view in the surprise.

Mathematics is the study of numbers, shapes, patterns and change.
Mathematics is used by all other branches of science.

标准答案:

That restaurant looks nice.

Here are some types of terrible events that hurt or kill people.
Earthquakes are cause by forces deep within the earth. During
earthquakes, many people are often killed by collapsing buildings and
bridges.

As far as I am concerned,the beneficial change to improve our
country can be a result of asking people to plant more trees and also to
spend less time in their cars.

Yes, but it looks expensive.

Flood happens when rivers rise and overflow their banks. Floodwaters
damage or destroy many houses and businesses.

The first one is toplant trees as many as we want if we want to save
our country.Trees not only create sufficient oxygen for us to breath and
remove harmful chemicals from the soil, but also absorb carbon dioxide
emission and thus help reduce the greenhouse gases leading to global
warming.

Let’s go in and look at the menu.

Fires destroy building, land, and forests. There are many causes for
fire, including lightning.

Secondly,trees can help save energy. And saving energy can reduce
carbon emissions.Since most energy sources require burning fossil fuels,
the less energy you use, the greener the environment you have. For
instance, if you plant trees in the right place around buildings, trees
can help cool your home in the summer. In the winter, trees can act as
windbreaks for your home and will help you save energy from heating.
Then, you don’t need air conditioners running 24 hours a day!

Wow, the menu looks great, especially the

In a hurricane, high winds destroy building and sometimes cause
flooding. Some hurricanes have winds of more than 200 miles an hour.

2011.09.24

fish.

Car accident happen when car collide or when drivers lose control of
their cars. One of the main causes of car accidents is driving too fast.

Task 2:Should automobile enter the city center?

Yes, it looks good but look at those

Unit 3-2 dialogue 装书桌,哲学

题目:是否应该允许汽车开进市中心?

prices.

F: What’s in that big box carried in?

思路:套用环保的万能模版,我们可以建议少开车,控制市中心的车的数量,但不能完全禁止汽车开进市中心。

Let’s try somewhere else.

M: It’s a new desk. I just brought, and now I have to put it together.

亚洲必赢626aaa.net 17

Sometime it’s ok to spend a little money.

F: Do you need any help?

亚洲必赢626aaa.net 18

Yes, but this price is a bit too high.

M: No, I don’t think so. I just need to get my tools. I need a
screwdriver and maybe a hammer.

个性化答案:(区别于万能理由的答题思路)

Don’t you think?

F: Don’t forget to read the instructions.

亚洲必赢626aaa.net 19

Yes, they are a bit high. But don’t you

F: How were things going?

Personally speaking,I think we should allow automobile enter the
city center but the number should be controlled.

think it worth? Let’s enjoy ourselves.

M: I’ve almost finished.

The first reason is thatit is impossible to ban all the automobiles
in the city center. City center is a large area that many people live
and work in it. If we ban automobile in the city center, people may have
to walk a long way to go to work if subway does not reach. It’s really
inconvenient and low efficiency.

Em, ok, if you put it that way. Let’s see

F: Something doesn’t look right to me. The right side is higher than the
left side.

Secondly,instead of banning automobile in the city center, we should
allow certain amount of automobiles running. If we want to protect the
environment, the number of the cars should be limited to a healthy
margin that can both satisfy people’s need of transportation and reduce
the air pollution to its minimum.

if we can take the table.

M: Oh, you’re right. It looks like I put a couple of screws into the
wrong places.

2011.08.13北美

I’ve got you have a credit card.

F: So now you have to take it apart.

Task 1:What are your suggestions on how to save our planet since we
are facing serious environmental problems?

I sure hope the food is good.

M: Great, and I thought I was almost finished.

题目:目前我们正面临严重的环境问题,对于如何拯救我们的星球你有何建议?

Stop worrying, let’s just enjoy.

F: I told you to read the instructions. Did you read them?

思路:套用万能模版,我们可以建议多植树,植树可以减少污染,改善环境。

Unit 3-2 Listening

M: No, I didn’t read them. I hate to read the instructions. I looked at
them but they were confusing.

标准答案:

Quick serve is a home repair company. Itprovides quick, reliable repair
services to homes. Quick serve handles plumbingand electrical issues 24
hours a day. It also cleans the roofs, fixes internetconnections and
replaces broken windows. For a small fee, customerssubscribe tothe
service. Its maincustomers are elders, which means older people.
Whenever customers haveproblems, they can call for help. There is also
small charge for each servicecall.

F: Well, this is what happen when you don’t. You were to inpatient.
Anyway, what can I do to help you?

Personally speaking,I suggest plant trees to save our planet.

The company was established 5 years ago andis growing rapidly. It
started in 1 city but it’s now in 5 cites. The companyplans toexpand
to
10 cities withinthe next 24 months. In each city, there is small
central office in a low rentarea of the city. The central office handles
the businesses, advertising,payroll and billing. It also takes calls by
customereitheronlineorbytelephone. It takes call 24 hours a day,
7 days a week.

M Could you get another screwdriver and help me unscrew some of these
screws?

The first reason is thattrees are the lungs of earth.We shouldplant
trees as many as we can if we want to save our planet. Trees not only
create sufficient oxygen for us to breath and remove harmful chemicals
from the soil, but also absorb carbon dioxide emission and thus help
reduce the greenhouse gases leading to global warming.

60% of the company’s employees work from

F: Ok, but next time please read the instructions.

Secondly,trees can help save energy. And saving energy can reduce
carbon emissions.Since most energy sources require burning fossil fuels,
the less energy you use, the greener the environment you have. For
instance, if you plant trees in the right place around buildings, trees
can help cool your home in the summer. In the winter, trees can act as
windbreaks for your home and will help you save energy from heating.
Then, you don’t need air conditioners running 24 hours a day!

their homes. When a customer calls into the central office, a service
employee

F: Do you ever look up at the sky and think about the lives in the
universe?

2010.11.13北美

is contacted it. The service employee then contacts customer and sets up
an

M: I did when I was a kid. But I don’t do that very much anymore. Why do
you ask?

Task 1: Among the following three careers choose one that you want to
pursue in your future: university professor, environmental expert,
business man.

employment. These employees are highly trained and provide excellent
services.

F: Sometimes I think I’m lost in day-to-day details. Then I look up at
the sky and see a big picture. I appreciate things more, even the little
things.

题目:以下三种职业你将来最想从事哪种:大学教授,环境专家,商人。

In emergencies, such as a serious plumbing problem, service can be
provided

M: You sound like a philosopher or a poet. I felt like too when I was a
kid.

思路:如果你选择从事与环保有关的工作,你可能已经了解很多环保的措施,如:呼吁人们少开车、多种树,这样可以直接套用万能理由。

within an hour. One reason for this is that the service employees live
in

F: Don’t you feel like that anymore?

标准答案:

different parts of the country. They are not central located so it’s
quick and

M: No, I don’t. In fact, I try not to. When I think about thing too
deeply, I get depressed. It’s even a bit frightening.

Personally speaking,I would like to become an environmental expert
in the future, because I care about our environment and always try to
raise people’s awareness to protect our planet.

easy for they to travel to customers ‘home.

F: Really, for me it’s just the opposite. Everything seems like a
wonderful miracle.

少开车

Quick serve has an excellent reputation. Its

M: Doesn’t that frighten you a bit? The universe is so large and we are
so small.

First,I encourage people around me like my parents and friends to
drive less and take public transportation when traveling.  If most
people avoid driving one or two days a week for a year, the air
pollution would be greatly reduced.

prices are reasonable and it services are quick and efficient. The
company’s

F: What I realize is how little we understand. We just need to
appreciate our lives and not get lost.

多种树

service employees are clean, polite and efficient. In this type of
business,

M: Sometimes being lost isn’t so bad. You know the expression, ignorance
is bliss.

The second reason I want to become environment experts is thatI love
nature and always enjoy organizing field trip and plant trees with my
friends during holiday. Trees and other plants produce oxygen we
breathe. Trees not only create sufficient oxygen for us to breath and
remove harmful chemicals from the soil, but also absorb carbon dioxide
emission and thus help reduce the greenhouse gases leading to global
warming.

person to person contact is the key to success. With each satisfied
customer,

F: Sure, I’ve heard it many times. To be ignorance is to be happy.

2010.07.23北美

more customers subscribe. Satisfied customers recommend quick serve to
their

M: Maybe it’s true. Maybe it’s best not to think or know too much.

Task 1:Nowadays our society is facing a lot of serious environmental
problems; Please choose a way you think will work to save our planet.

friends. This kind of word-of-mouth advertising is very cost effective.
Cost

F: Not, that’s not for me. I want to understand as much as possible.
That’s why I became a scientist.

题目:如今我们的社会正面临很多严重的环境问题。请选择一种你认为能拯救我们的星球的方法。

effect means that the results are good without paying a high price. In
other

M: Well, I respect your choice but it’s not for me. If understanding is
painful, I’d rather not understand.

思路:套用万能模版,我们可以建议多植树,植树可以减少污染,改善环境。

word, quality service provides its own rewards to the company.

Unit 3-3 Listening  背疼,肾结石

标准答案:

The companytake great prideinbeing honest with the customers. There
are no hidden charges for theirservices. As a result, the number of
customers in each city is growing rapidly.With the aging population,
there are more elderly people who need home repairservices. These people
need to have confidence in the service provider. Theydon’t want
tocheated.

Harry is on a business trip. Yesterday he was supposed to fly from San
Francisco to Shanghai. However, things didn’t turn out the way they were
supposed to. In fact, nothing went the way it was supposed to.
Everything went wrong and he didn’t get on his flight. As a result he is
still in San Francisco.

Personally speaking,I suggest plant trees to save our planet.

These people don’t mind paying a reasonable

The following is a summary of what happened. Yesterday morning he got up
as usual and had breakfast. Everything seemed to be fine and he was
looking forward to the trip. He was just about to check out of his hotel
when he felt a pain. It was a pain in his lower back. It was a dull pain
at first, not too bad. So he didn’t worry about it and he checked out of
the hotel. Then he got on a shuttle bus to the airport.

The first reason is thattrees are the lungs of earth.We should plant
trees as much as we want if we want to save our planet. Trees not only
create sufficient oxygen for us to breath and remove harmful chemicals
from the soil, but also absorb carbon dioxide emission and thus help
reduce the greenhouse gases leading to global warming.

fee for high quality service. High quality services should be rewarded.

About halfway to the airport the pain in his back started to get worse.
It was a growing pain, and he was beginning to worry. Soon it was
difficult for him to sit in his seat. The pain was getting worse. He
wanted to lie down. He started to sweat and breathe quickly. He was in
real pain then. On a scale of 1 to 10, the pain was an 8.

Secondly,trees can help save energy.And saving energy can reduce
carbon emissions. Since most energy sources require burning fossil
fuels, the less energy you use, the greener the environment you have.
For instance, if you plant trees in the right place around buildings,
trees can help cool your home in the summer. In the winter, trees can
act as windbreaks for your home and will help you save energy from
heating. Then, you don’t need air conditioners running 24 hours a day!

The company provides a range of serviceplans, each with a different
subscription price. The least expensive serviceplan is called the basic
plan. This plan provides non-emergency service with avery low service
charge. The most expensive service’s plan is their VIP plan.The VIP plan
provides emergency services 24 hours a day with no additionalservice
charge. It also providesrebatesfor customers who don’t call for any
service during the year. In addition,quick serve
givesbonuspointstocustomers for each year theysubscribe. These
bonuses can be used to buy new appliances such as stoves
andrefrigerators. If the business continuesto grow, the owners may
decide to take the company to public. This means thatthe public can buy
shares of the company. It would then change from private-ownedcompany to
a public company. The owners believe that their business issuccessful
and can expand around world. They also believe that taking theircompany
public can make them rich.

When the bus got to the airport, the bus driver helped him get off. It
was difficult for him to walk, but he finally made it to the terminal.
Inside the terminal, he went to the men’s bathroom. He went to the
toilet, but that didn’t help. Instead of improving, his felt dizzy, and
he threw up. By now he was wet from all his sweating. He knew he
couldn’t get on his flight.

2008.06.21北美

Unit 3-2 vocabulary

He used his phone to call the airline. He explained the situation and
cancelled his reservation. Then he called 911 for emergency help. 911 is
the emergency number to call for help in the United States.

Task1.If you could do one thing for your community,what will you do
and why?

Biology is study of life, including its

An ambulance arrived about 10 minutes after he called. By then he was in
so much pain that he could barely walk. Once inside the ambulance, they
gave him oxygen to help him to breathe. But the pain was still terrible.
Then they drove him to a hospital near the airport. Luckily, the
hospital was on his health plan. That means his health insurance is
supposed to pay for everything. Medical costs in the United States are
very high.

题目:如果你能为你的社区做一件事,你会做什么?为什么?

structure and evolution. Biology study how life survives and reproduces.

When he arrived at the hospital, he was taken to the emergency room.
After some tests, a doctor told him he had a kidney stone. It was a very
small stone, but it caused a lot of pain. It was passing through a small
tube in his body, from his kidney to his bladder. The pain would go away
once it got to his bladder. Until then he had to take pain medicine to
reduce the pain.

思路:套用万能模版,我们可以选择为社区植树。

Chemistry is the study of matter, including the structure of its
atoms and

Harry didn’t have to stay at the hospital for very long. With the pain
medicine, the pain went away very quickly. He took a taxi back to his
hotel and checked in for another night. Then he called the airline and
made a reservation for another flight. The flight will leave tomorrow.
Until then he’ll just rest in his hotel. There may even be a good movie
to watch.

标准答案:

molecules. Chemists study how various substances interact with each
other.

So, when you’re traveling, please be prepared for emergencies. Make sure
you have medical insurance. You never know when something like this can
happen to you. So be prepared.

Personally speaking,I will help plant trees for my community.

Astronomy is one of the oldest sciences.Astronomersstudy the
structure andevolution of the universe, including the study of stars,
planets and galaxies.

Unit 3-3 vocabulary  能源、词性

The first reason is thattrees are the lungs of our earth.We should
plant trees as many as we can if we want to improve the environment of
our community. Trees not only create sufficient oxygen for us to breath
and remove harmful chemicals from the soil, but also absorb carbon
dioxide emission.Also,trees can make our community look more
beautiful. Covered by green leaves, our community will become scenery.

Geologies is the study of structure of

Solar energy is one of the cleanest and most plentiful sources of
energy. Solar power depends on sunlight, so in cloudy weather or at
night, no power generated.

Secondly,trees can help save energy.And saving energy can reduce
carbon emissions. Since most energy sources require burning fossil
fuels, the less energy you use, the greener the environment you have.
For instance, if you plant trees in the right place around buildings,
trees can help cool your home in the summer. In the winter, trees can
act as windbreaks for your home and will help you save energy from
heating. Then, you don’t need air conditioners running 24 hours a day!

history of the earth and other planets. Geologist study different types
of

Wind energy is non-polluting but it’s only useful in places where there
is a lot of wind. Windy turbines convert the kinetic energy by wind into
a mechanical power.

大陆题目

rocks, earthquakes and different layers of the earth.

Nuclear energy is efficient and doesn’t produce carbon gases as waste
products. The dangerous of nuclear power included deadly radioactive
waste products.

2014.09.27/2010.10.22大陆

Mathematics is the study of numbers,

A major source of energy comes from the burning of fossil fuels, such as
coal and oil. When we burn fossil fuels, waste gases such as CO2 are
produced. Fossil fuss remain the large sources of energy from most
counties.

Task 1:Which of the following community service would you choose to
do? Working with children, cleaning the city park or planting a campus
garden.

shapes, patterns and change. Mathematics is used by all other branches
of

Hydro power comes from the kinetic energy of falling water. Output is
reliable and can be regularly to meet the demand except during the
period of drought.

题目:以下几种社区服务你会选择哪种?照顾孩童,打扫城市公园,或给学校花园种树。

science.

Here are some different types of words in English. Words that are nouns
and pronouns are used to represent objects. A noun or a pronoun can be a
person, an animal or a thing including an idea.

思路:套用万能模版,我们可以选择种树,当然,根据花园的环境可以调整一下用语。

Here are some types of terrible events that

Verbs are used to express action such as to sit down or stand up. We
also use verbs to express relationships such as to love someone or to
own something.

标准答案:

hurt or kill people. Earthquakes are cause by forces deep within the
earth.

We use adjective to describe objects such as a tall building. Adjective
are used with noun or pronoun but not used with verbs.

Personally speaking,I will help plant a campus garden as the
community service.

During earthquakes, many people are often killed by collapsing buildings
and

We use adverb to describe actions such as to run fast or walk slowly.
Adverbs express the quality of an action such as how well or poorly
something is gone.

The first reason is thatplants in the garden can reduce pollution
and do good to the health of students.Trees not only create sufficient
oxygen for us to breath and remove harmful chemicals from the soil, but
also absorb carbon dioxide emission and thus help reduce the greenhouse
gases leading to global warming. Also, planting flowers in the campus
garden can make the school look more beautiful so that students enjoy
studying there.

bridges.

We use conjunctions to connect things or actions such as to read and
write. Conjunctions include words such as and, or, because, but and yet.

Secondly,trees can help save energy for the school. And saving
energy can reduce carbon emissions.Since most energy sources require
burning fossil fuels, the less energy you use, the greener the
environment you have. For instance, if you plant trees in the right
place around the campus buildings, trees can help cool the rooms in the
summer. In the winter, trees can act as windbreaks for classrooms and
will help them save energy from heating. Then, the campus doesn’t need
air conditioners running 24 hours a day!

Flood happens when rivers rise andoverflow their banks.
Floodwatersdamage or destroy many houses and businesses.

Dams are expensive to build and affect wildlife such as fish.

2012.05.26大陆

Fires destroy building, land, and forests.

Fossil fuels remain the largest source of energy for most countries.

Task 1:How to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases?

There are many causes for fire, including lightning.

Unit 3-3 dialogue 搬办公室,创业

题目:如何减少温室气体排放?

In a hurricane, high winds destroy building

F: Hey, I’ve got some news, some good news and some bad news.

思路:根据万能模版,我们可以选择多使用公共交通,多植树。

and sometimes cause flooding. Some hurricanes have winds of more than
200 miles

M: Ok, give me the bad news first.

标准答案:

an hour.

F: We were moving to a new office.

Personally speaking,I think the following should be done to reduce the
emission of greenhouse gases.

Car accident when car collide or drivers lose control of their cars. One
of the main

M: When was this going to happen?

少开车

causes of car accidents is driving too fast.

F: We’re supposed to move at the end of next month.

First,I encourage people around me to drive lessand take public
transportation when traveling.  If most people avoid driving one or two
days a week for a year, the air pollution would be greatly reduced.

Unit 3-2 dialogue

M: How far away is the new office?

多种树

What’s in that big box carried in?

F: We are not sure yet but we will mean a longer commute for most of us.
The new office will probably be on the other side of the city.

The way to reduce the emission is toplant trees. Trees and other
plants produce oxygen we breathe.Trees not only create sufficient oxygen
for us to breath and remove harmful chemicals from the soil, but also
absorb carbon dioxide emission and thus help reduce the greenhouse gases
leading to global warming.

It’s a new desk. I just brought and now I

M: The commute is already too long for me and I’m not going to change
flats. We just brought one.

2013.11.23/2012.02.05大陆

have to put it together.

M: Anyway. What’s the good news.

Task 1:What should university students do to protectenvironment?

Do you need any help?

F: The good news is that were going to expand. The company is growing so
we’re going to hire more people.

题目:大学应该去做什么来保护环境

No, I don’t think so.

M: Well, I’ve got some news for you too.

思路:根据万能模版,我们可以选择种树来保护环境,种树可以减少污染,节约能源。

I just need to get my tools. I need a

F: I hope it good news.

标准答案:

screwdriver and maybe a hammer.

M: Well, that depends on your points of view. I’m planning to start my
own business.

Personally speaking,I think university students should plant trees
to protect environment.

Don’t forget to read the instructions.

F: Why, I thought you were happy working here?

The first reason is thattrees can reduce pollution.We should plant as
many trees as possible to save our planet. Trees not only create
sufficient oxygen for us to breath and remove harmful chemicals from the
soil, but also absorb carbon dioxide emission and thus help reduce the
greenhouse gases leading to global warming.

How were things going?

F: I like the work but I’m not learning anything new. I think I can do
better on my own.

Secondly,trees can help save energy for universities.And saving
energy can reduce carbon emissions. Since most energy sources require
burning fossil fuels, the less energy you use, the greener the
environment you have. For instance, if you plant trees in the right
place around the campus buildings, trees can help cool the rooms in the
summer. In the winter, trees can act as windbreaks for the buildings and
will help them save energy from heating. Then, the campus doesn’t need
air conditioners running 24 hours a day!

I’ve almost finished.

M: I was planning to wait a few months. But now that the office is
moving, I’m already to make the change.

2013.07.14大陆

Something doesn’t look right to me. The

F: What is your wife think?

Task 1:Which of the following volunteer work would you like to do:
cleaning the streets for the city; helping to build more bicycle trails
in the city; helping to plant more trees? Explain why.

right side is higher than the left side.

M: She is in favor of it and she’ll hope me. She’s already designing a
website. We’ll work from home first.

题目:你愿意做以下哪种志愿活动?打扫城市街道;修更多的自行车道;种树。请解释原因。

Oh, you’re right. It looks like I put acouple ofscrewsinto the
wrongplaces.

F: So you really are serious about this. You are taking a big risk. Most
new businesses fail.

思路:根据万能模版,我们可以选择种树。

So now you have to take it apart.

M: Yes, I know. But if I don’t do it now, I will never know it. I’m
tired of working for others.

标准答案:

Great, and I thought I was almost finished.

F: I know what you meet.

Personally speaking,I will help plant trees as the volunteer work.

I told you to read the instructions. Did

M: Don’t tell anyone about this ok? It’s still a secret.

The first reason is thattrees are the lungs of our earth.We should
plant trees as many as we can if we want to save our planet. Trees not
only create sufficient oxygen for us to breath and remove harmful
chemicals from the soil, but also absorb carbon dioxide emission and
thus help reduce the greenhouse gases leading to global warming.

you read them?

F: Sure, I won’t say anything to anybody. I’m sure this will come with
kinds of surprise for anyone.

Secondly,trees can help save energy. And saving energy can reduce
carbon emissions.Since most energy sources require burning fossil fuels,
the less energy you use, the greener the environment you have. For
instance, if you plant trees in the right place around buildings, trees
can help cool your home in the summer. In the winter, trees can act as
windbreaks for your home and will help you save energy from heating.
Then, you don’t need air conditioners running 24 hours a day!

No, I didn’t read them. I hate to read the

M: I’m sure changing offices will also come with surprises to people.
This is exactly why I want to work on my own. I don’t like this kind of
surprises.

2011.08.13/2010.07.23大陆

instructions. I looked at them but they were confusing.

F: You’re right about that. When are you going to let people know?

Task 1.We are facing to serious environmental problems. What is the
most effective method to save our planet?

Well, this is what happen when you don’t.

M: I’ll make the announcement at the beginning of next month.

题目:现在我们的社会正面临着严重的环境问题,你认为什么是拯救我们的星球最有效的方法?

You were to inpatient. Anyway, what can I do to help you?

Unit 3-4 Listening  李奥纳多生平

思路:套用万能模版,我们可以建议多植树,植树可以减少污染,改善环境。

Could you get another screwdriver and help

Leonardo da Vinci is one of the greatest geniuses of all time. He was a
painter, an architect, an engineer and a scientist. He was born in
Vinci, Italy in 1452. Vinci is a town just outside of the great Italian
city, Florence. His name, da Vinci, means a Vinci. Leonardo’s father was
a lawyer and landowner, and his mother was a peasant. Leonardo’s parents
were never married to each other.

标准答案:**

me in screw some of these screws?

Leonardo lived with his mother until he was around 5 years old. When he
was 5, he moved into the home of his father. By then his father had
married a 16 year old girl. Leonardo’s mother married another man and
moved to another town. She had many more children after that, with
several different men. In the end, Leonardo had more than 15
half-sisters and brothers.

Personally speaking,I think planting trees is the most effective way
to save our planet.

Ok, but next time please read the

As a young man, Da Vinci didn’t go to school. He was educated at home in
reading, writing and mathematics. In other subjects, he was mostly
self-educated. He had access to books at his father’s home. Leonardo
spent a lot of time outdoors and developed a strong interest in nature.
He loved to observe things, especially birds. He was also interested in
the properties of water.

The first reason is thattrees are the lungs of earth.We should plant
trees as many as we can if we want to save our planet. Trees not only
create sufficient oxygen for us to breath and remove harmful chemicals
from the soil, but also absorb carbon dioxide emission and thus help
reduce the greenhouse gases leading to global warming.

instructions.

Leonardo’s early drawings and paintings demonstrated a rare talent. His
father and his father’s friends recognized his talent and encouraged
him. When he was 15 he was sent to Florence. In Florence, he became an
apprentice to a famous master painter. For the next few years Leonardo
worked at his master’s workshop. It wasn’t long before his ability
surpassed that of his master. Some people say that his master became
jealous of Leonardo’s great talent. They said that the master
vowed(发誓) to never painted again. In 1478, with his father’s help,
Leonardo set up his own workshop.

Secondly,trees can help save energy. And saving energy can reduce
carbon emissions.Since most energy sources require burning fossil fuels,
the less energy you use, the greener the environment you have. For
instance, if you plant trees in the right place around buildings, trees
can help cool your home in the summer. In the winter, trees can act as
windbreaks for your home and will help you save energy from heating.
Then, you don’t need air conditioners running 24 hours a day!

Do you ever look up at the sky and think

In 1482, he entered the service of a powerful man in the city of Milan.
This man was the Duke of Milan. For the next few years Leonardo designed
buildings, machinery and weapons of war. Weapons were important because
Italy was constantly at war during this period. From 1485 to 1490
Leonardo produced designs for a variety of weapons. In his notes, he
predicted the development of advanced weapons such as submarines and
flying machines. In 1499, the French invaded Italy and Leonardo left
Milan.

亚洲必赢626aaa.net 20

about the lives in the universe?

Altogether, Leonardo spent 17 years in Milan. During this period he
spent much of his time studying nature. He dissected(解剖) bodies, both
human and animal, to study and illustrate anatomy(解剖). His detailed
illustrations are masterpieces Leonardo filled many notebooks with
drawings and ideas. He wrote backwards, so you need a mirror to read
them.

亚洲必赢626aaa.net 21

I did when I was a kid. But I don’t do that

After 1500, Leonardo spent time in a number of Italian cities. He worked
very slowly, and the range of his interests was very wide. As a result,
Leonardo left many paintings and projects unfinished. One painting that
he did finish was the Mona Lisa, one of the world’s most famous
paintings. People are still interested in this painting, 500 years after
he painted it. Thought there are many theories, nobody knows who the
woman in the painting really was.

常远老师“每日一文”奉上

very much anymore. Why do you ask?

In 1516 Leonardo left Italy for good when the French King, Francis the
first, offered him a position. There, he had the freedom to paint and
draw whatever he wanted. Leonardo died in 1519 at the age of 67. Some
say that the French King, who had become a close friend, was with him
when he died. He was buried in a church which was destroyed during the
French Revolution. The exact location of his remains is unknown.

亚洲必赢626aaa.net 22

Sometimes I think I’m lost in day-to-day

Unit 3-4 vocabulary 污染、人物

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details. Then I look up at the sky and see a big picture. I appreciate
things

Waste water and carbon gases from farm animal are bad for the
environment. Animal wastes and other chemicals flow into the ground and
pollute water supplies.

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more even the little things.

Exhausted gases from automobile are a major cause for air pollution and
global warming. As a result, many companies are trying to produce more
efficient and cleaner cars.

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You sound that a philosopher or a poet. I felt like too when I was a
kid.

Pesticides and fertilizers are used by farmers to grow crops such as
foods and vegetables. These chemicals pollute water supply when it flows
to the ground and rivers.

Don’t you feel like that anymore?

Factories like this one, allow harmful chemicals to get into the air or
water. Companies need to try harder to protect the environment and our
health.

No, I don’t. in fact, I try not to. When Ithink about thing too deeply,
I get depressed. It’s even a bitfrightening.

Nuclear waste products are radioactive and can pollute the environment
for thousands of years. They need to be safely transported and stored in
the safe place.

Really, for me it’s just theopposite. Everything seems like a
wonderfulmiracle.

The British writer, Jame, was born in England in 1775, 1 of 7 children.
She wrote some of most popular love stories of all time.

Doesn’t that frighten you a bit? The

One of most famous female rulers in the history,  has affair with j and
later with Mark. She was known for her great beauty and charming voice.

universe is so large and we are so small.

Born in 1756, Mozart composed and performed some of world’s greatest
classical music. He was the youngest of 7 children and by the age of 5,
he was already composing music.

What I realize is how little we understand.

The sun of the king, Alexander the Great, was a military leader who
created one of the largest empires in the ancient world. As a youth,
Alexander was taught by the Greek philosophy, Aristotle.

We just need to appreciate our life and not get lost.

Mahatma Gandhi was 20th century leader who used non-violence resistances
to led India to independence. Gandhi dedicated his life to the pursuit
of truth.

Sometimes being lost isn’t so bad. You knowthe
expression,ignoranceisbliss.

Unit 3-4 dialogue 电话留言、付账

Sure, I’ve heard it many times. To be

M: I’d like to speak to Mr. Bennett please.

ignorance is to be happy.

F: I’m sorry but he’s not here right now. Would you like to leave a
voice message?

Maybe it’s true. Maybe it’s best not to

M: It’s urgent that I speak with him. It’s an emergency.

think or know too much.

F: Oh, I see. What kind of emergency?

Not, that’s not for me. I want to

M: It’s very personal so I can’t give you any details.

understand as much as possible. That’s why I became a scientist.

F: Without more details, I’m afraid I can’t give you his number. Give me
your number, and I’ll let him know about your call. Then he’ll call you
back and would that be ok?

Well, I respect your choice but it’s not

M: Sure, my number is 583 4987. It would be great if he could call me
within the next half hour.

for me. If understanding is painful, I’d rather not understand.

M1: That’s a great dinner. Here, put the way I want. I’ll pay the bill.

Unit 3-3 Listening

M2: You paid last time. This time is my turn to pay.

Harry is on the business trip. Yesterday he

M1: Hey, you don’t have a joke. And I do. Let me pay.

was supposed to fly from San Francisco to Shanghai. However, things
didn’t turn

M2: Thanks for the offer, but I can handle it.

out the way they are supposed to. In fact, nothing went the way it was
supposed

M1: Wait, let’s throw for it.

to. Everything went wrong and he didn’t get on his flight. As a result,
he

M2: Throw for it? What’s that mean.

stayed in San Francisco. The following is summary what happen.

M1: Do you see this coin? This side is heads and the opposite side is
tails. I’ll throw it up in the air. If it comes down with heads facing
up, I’ll pay. If tails is up, you can pay.

Yesterday he got up at usual and hadbreakfast. Everything seemed to be
fine and he was looking forward to the trip.He was just about tocheck
out of
hishotel when he felt the pain. It was a pain on his lower
back. It was a dormpain at first, not too bad. So he didn’t worry about
it and he checked out thehotel. Then he got on a shuttle bus to the
airport. About half way to theairport, the pain in his back started to
get worse. It was a growing pain andhe was beginning to worry. Soon it
was difficult for him to sit in his seat.The pain was getting worse. He
wanted to lie down. He started to swear and breathequickly. He was in
real pain then. As a scale of 1 to 10, the pain was an 8.

M2: Ok, let’s fight with me.

When the bus got to the airport, the busdriver helped him to get off. It
was difficult for him to walk but he finallymade it to the terminal.
Inside the terminal, he went to the men’s bathroom. Hewent to the toilet
but that didn’t help. Instead of improving, his felt dizzyand hethrew
up
. By now, he was wetfrom all his sweating. He knew he couldn’t get
on his flight. He used his phoneto call airline. He explained the
situation and cancelled his reservation. Thenhe called 911 for an
emergency help. 911 is the emergency number to call forhelp in the
United States.

M1: Look, it’s heads up so I’ll pay.

An ambulance arrived about 10 minutes afterhe called. By then, he was in
so much pain that he could barely walk. Onceinside the ambulance, they
gave him oxygen to help him to breathe. But the painwas still terrible.
Then they drove to a hospital near the airport. Luckily,the hospital was
on his health plan. That means his health insurance issupposed to pay
for everything. Medical costs in the United States are veryhigh. When he
arrived to the hospital, he was taken to the emergency room.After some
tests, a doctor told him he had a kidney stone. It was a very
smallstone, but it caused a lot of pain. It was passing through a small
tube in hisbody from his kidney to his bladder. The pain will go away
once it got to hisbladder. Until then he had to get pain medicine to
reduce the pain. Harrydidn’t have to stay in hospital for very long.
With the pain medicine, the painwent away very quickly. He took a taxi
back to his hotel andchecked infor another night. Then hecalled the
airline and made a reservation for another flight. The flight willleave
tomorrow. Until then, he will just rest in his hotel. There may be a
goodmovie to watch. So when you’re traveling, please prepare for the
emergencies.Make sure you had a medical insurance. You never know when
something like thiscan happen to you. So be prepared.

M2: Thanks, it’s very nice of you.

Unit 3-3 vocabulary

M1: It’s my pleasure. 

Solar energy is one of the cleanest andmostplentifulsources of
energy.Solar power depends on sunlight, so in cloudy weather or at
night, no powergenerated.

F: Do you want anything else sir? Would you like to see the dessert
menu?

Wind energy is non-polluting but it’s onlyuseful in places where there
is a lot of wind. Windy turbines convert thekineticenergy by wind
into amechanical power.

M: No, thanks, I’m already for the check. Here is my credit card.

Nuclear energy is efficient and doesn’tproduce carbon gases as waste
products. The dangerous of nuclear power
includeddeadlyradioactivewaste products.

F: I’m sorry sir, but we don’t take credit cards.

A major source of energy comes from theburning offossil fuelssuch as
coaland oil. When we burn the fossil fuels, waste gases such as CO2 are
produced.Fossil fuss remain the large sources of energy from most
counties.

M: You’re joking, right.

Hydro power comes the kinetic energy of falling water. Output is
reliable and can be

F: No, sir, I’m not joking. Did you see that side? it says cash only.

regularly to meet the demand except during the period of drought.

M: I didn’t see it when I came in. I don’t have enough cash to pay the
bill.

Here are different types of words in

F: There is a bank down the street, sir. If you let me hold your
driver’s license, you can go and get the cash.

English. Words that are nouns and pronouns are used to represent
objects. A

M: Ok, I hope the bank is open.

noun or a pronoun can be a person, an animal or a thing including an
idea.

F: The bank is closed but you can use the ATM to get your cash.

Verbs are used to express action such as to

sit down or stand up. We also use verbs to express relationships such as
to

love someone or to own something.

We use adjective to describe objects such

as a tall building. Adjective are used with noun or pronoun but not used
with

verbs.

We use adverb to describe actions such as

to run fast or to walk slowly. Adverbs express the quality of an action
such as how well or poorly something is gone.

We use conjunctions to connect things or

actions such as to read and write. Conjunctions include words such as
and, or,

because, but and yet.

Dams are expensive to build and affectwildlifesuch as fish.

Unit 3-3 dialogue

Hey, I’ve got some news, some good news and

some bad news.

Ok, give me the bad news first.

We were moving to a new office.

When was this going to happen?

We were supposed to move at the end of next

month.

How far away is the new office?

We are not sure yet but we will mean a

longer commute for most of us. The new office will probably be on the
other

side of the city.

The commute is already too long for me and

I’m not going to change flats. We just brought one.

Anyway. What’s the good news.

The good news is that is going to expand.

The company is growing so we’re going to hire more people.

Well, I’ve got some news for you too.

I hope it’s good news.

Well, that depends on your points of you.

I’m planning to start my own business.

Why, I thought you were happy working here?

I like to work but I’m not learning

anything new. I think I can do better on my own. I was planning to wait
a few

months. But now that the office is moving, I’m already to make the
change.

Why is your wife think?

She is in favor of it and she’ll hope me. She’s

already designing a website. We’ll work from home first.

So you really are serious about this. You

are taking a big risk.

Most new businesses fail.

Yes, I know. But if I don’t do it now, I

will never know it.

I’m tired of working for others.

I know what you meet.

Don’t tell anyone about this ok?

It’s still a secret.

Sure, I won’t say anything to anybody.

I’m sure this will come with kinds of

surprise for anyone.

I’m sure changing offices will also come

with surprises to people. This is exactly why I want to work on my own.
I don’t

like this kind of surprises.

You’re right about that. When are you going

to let people know?

I’ll make the announcement at the beginning

of next month.

Unit 3-4 Listening

Leonardo Da Vinci is one of the greatest geniuses

of all time. He was a painter, an architect, an engineer and a
scientist. He

was born in Vinci, Italy in 1452. Vinci is a town just outside of the
great

Italian city, Florence. His name Da Vinci means a Vinci. Leonardo’s
father was

lawyer and landowner and his mother was a peasant. Leonardo’s parents
were

never married to each other.

Leonardo lived with his mother until he wasaround 5 years old. When he
was 5, he moved into the home of his father. Bythen, his father had
married a 16-year-old girl. Leonardo’s mother married withother person
and moved to another town. She had many more children after thatwith
several men. In the end, Leonardo had more than 15 half-sisters
orbrothers.  As a young man, Da Vincididn’t go to school. He was
educated at home at reading, writing andmathematics. In other subjects,
he was mostly self-educated. Hehad access tobooks at his
father’shome. Leonardo spent a lot of time outdoors and developed a
strong interest innature. He loved to observe things especially birds.
He was also interested inthe properties of water.

Leonardo’s early drawings are paintingsdemonstrated a rare talent. His
father and his father’s friendsrecognized his talent and
encouragedhim. When he was 15, he was sent to Florence. In Florence, he
became anapprenticeto a famous master painter.For the next few
years, Leonardo worked at his master’s workshop. It wasn’tlong before
his ability surpassed that of his master. Some people said that
hismaster became jealous of Leonardo’s great talent. They said the
master vowed(发誓) and never painted again. In 1478, with his father’s
help, Leonardoset up his own workshop. In 1482, he entered the service
of powerful man in thecity of Milan. This man was the Duke of Milan. For
the next few years, Leonardodesigned buildings, machineries and weapons
of war. Weapons were important,because Italy wasconstantlyat
warduring this period. From 1485 to 1490, Leonardo produced designs
fora variety ofweapons.

In his notes, he predicted the developmentof advanced weapons such as
submarines and flying machines. In 1499, the Frenchinvaded Italy and
Leonardo left Milan. Altogether, Leonardo spent 17 years inMilan. During
this period, he spent much of his time studying nature.
Hedissected(解剖)

bodies both human and animal to study or illustrate anatomy(解剖). his
detailed illustrations aremasterpieces Leonardo filled many notebooks
with drawings and ideas. He wrotebackwardsso he need a mirror to
readthem.

After 15 hundred, Leonardo spent times in a

number of Italian cities. He worked very slowly and the range of
interests was

very wide. As a result, Leonardo left many paintings and projects
unfinished.

One painting that he did finish, was the Mona Lisa, one of world’s most
famous

paintings. People are still interested in this painting 500 years after
he

painted it. Thought there are many theories, nobody knows who the woman
in the

painting really was.

In 1516, Leonardo left Italy for good whenthe French King, Francis the
first, offered him a position. There, he had thefreedom and draw
whatever he wanted. Leonardo died in 1519 at the age of 67.Some said
that the French King, who had become a close friend was with him whenhe
died. He was buried in the church which was destroyedduring the French
revolution. The exact location of his remains is
unknown.

Unit 3-4 vocabulary

Waste water and carbon gases from farm

animal are bad for the environment. Animal wastes and other chemicals
flow into

the ground and pollute water supplies.

Exhausted gases from automobile are a major

cause for air pollution and global warming. As a result, many companies
are

trying to produce more efficient and cleaner cars.

Pesticidesandfertilizersare used by farmers to grow crops such
as foods and vegetables. These chemicalspollute water supply when it
flows to the ground and rivers.

Factories like this one, allow harmful

chemicals to get into the air or water. Companies need to try harder to
protect

the environment and our health.

Nuclear waste products are radioactive and

can pollute the environment for thousands of years. They need to be
safely

transported and stored in the safe place.

The British writer, Jame, was born in

England in 1775, 1 of 7 children. She wrote some of most popular love
stories

of all time.

One of most famous female rulers in the

history, has affair with j and later with Mark. She was known for her
great

beauty and charming voice.

Born 1756, Mozart composed and performed

some of world’s greatest classical music. He was youngest of 7 children
and by

the age of 5, he was already composing music.

The sun of the king, Alexander the Great,was a military leader who
created one of the largest empires in the ancientworld. As a youth,
Alexanderwas taught

bythe Greekphilosophy, Aristotle.

Mahatma Gandhi was 20th century leader who

used non-violence resistances to led India to independence. Gandhi
dedicated

his life to the pursuit of truth.

Unit 3-4 dialogue

I’d like to speak to Mr. Bennett please.

I’m sorry but he’s not here right now.

would you want to leave a voice message?

It’s urgent that I speak with him. It’s an

emergency.

Oh, I see. What kind of emergency?

It’s very personal so I can’t give you any

details.

Without more details, I’m afraid I can’t

give you his number. Give me your number, and I’ll let him know about
your

call. Then he’ll call you back and would that be ok?

Sure, my number is 583 4987. It would be

great if he could call me within the next half hour.

That’s a great dinner.

Here, put the way I want. I’ll pay the

bill.

You paid last time. This time is my turn to

pay.

Hey, you don’t have a joke. And I do. Let

me pay.

Thanks for the offer but I can handle it.

Wait, let’s throw for it.

Throw for it? What’s that mean.

Do you see this coin? This side is head andthe opposite side is tails.
I’ll throw it up in the air. If itcomes downwith heads facing up,
I’llpay. If tails is up, you can pay.

Ok, let’s fight with me.

Look, it’s heads up so I’ll pay.

Thanks, it’s very nice of you.

It’s my pleasure. 

Do you want anything else sir? Would you

like to see the dessert menu?

No, thanks, I’m already for the check. Here

is my credit card.

I’m sorry sir, but we don’t take credit

cards.

You’re joking, right.

No, sir, I’m not joking. Did you see that

side? it says cash only.

I didn’t see it when I came in. I don’t

have enough cash to pay the bill.

There is a bank down the street, sir. If

you let me hold your driver’s license, you can go and get the cash.

Ok, I hold the bank is open.

The bank is closed but you can use the ATM

to get your cash.

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